最后更新时间:2024-07-17 06:05:18





  • n.惩罚;苛评



kae stih geI shn




castigate 严惩;苛评;矫正;修订



the act of rebuking, severely criticizing, or punishing, especially in a public forum.The newspaper's castigation of the sheriff provoked many to defend his actions.


  • n. 惩罚;苛评;修订
  • punishment, rod, payment, discipline


"惩罚,纠正,惩戒",14世纪晚期, castigacioun,源自拉丁语 castigationem(主格 castigatio)"纠正,责备,惩罚",动作名词,来自 castigare 的过去分词词干"纠正,矫正; 净化"(参见 castigate)。


borrowed from Latin castīgātus, past participle of castīgāre "to discipline for a fault or lapse, reprove, censure," perhaps from *casti-, stem of *castis "reprimand" (going back to Indo-European *ḱHs-ti-, whence also Sanskrit śiṣṭi- "instruction") + *-ig-, going back to Indo-European -h2ǵ-, zero-grade of *h2eǵ- "drive, impel, lead" — more at agent Note: This etymology follows G. Dunkel, "Latin verbs in -igāre and -īgāre," 125 Jahre Indogermanistik in Graz (Graz: Leykam, 2000), pp. 87-99. According to the older conventional explanation, the initial element is the adjective castus "free from, untouched (by the thing specified), pure, not sexually promiscuous" (see chaste), but semantically this is a poor fit, and does not clearly account for the long ī. On the other hand, Dunkel's hypothesis would mean that Indo-European *ḱeHs- shows up in Latin only in this presumed i-stem derivative and nowhere else, unless castus itself can be attributed to the same etymon—but again that does not fit well semantically ("instruct, reprove" > "pure"?). See also the note at chaste.

The first known use of castigate was in 1606



the act of one that casts

something cast in a mold

cast entry 2 sense 9


to punish, scold, or criticize harshly


to punish, scold, or criticize harshly

castigation 例句

1.The praise is never forced, the castigation never shrill.

2.A tightly argued, profusely footnoted and deeply enraged castigation of everyone involved, “Predator Nation” isn’t just a factually unchallengeable account of how Wall Street blew up the global economy.

3.It's revelation, soul castigation. Fire will burn us away.


4.The GOP’s emphasis on the “exceptionalism” of America — and its castigation of Democrats as questioning U.S. supremacy — served as the icing.

5.The international community also condemned, as is customary, all of the launches with the standard volley of castigations: unacceptable, deplorable, beyond the pale.

6.Adding to the burden of caring for them is social disgust and castigation, which can be devastating and profoundly isolating.

7.Under de-facto ruler Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the kingdom has drawn international castigation with the murder of a U.S.-based newspaper columnist and the jailing of activists and dissident clerics.

8.The segue brought mockery, even castigation, from the political right, but it was a reminder of the importance Mr. Obama places on climate change in shaping his legacy.

9.Sanders' castigation of Clinton as a partner in a corrupt political system and beholden to the Wall Street firms that contributed to a ruinous economy also feeds a discomfort with Clinton.

10.Fervent cries of “Death to America,” endless castigations of the “Great Satan” and frequent comparisons to dogs and pigs — Iran’s leaders rarely have a good word for the U.S.

11.I made clear to her that my money-lending had been simply the degradation of my will and my mind, my personal idea of self-castigation and self-exaltation.


12.Compared with Young's compelling mix of admiration and castigation, and Campbell's panoramic, even-handed treatment, Moore's effort lacks originality sometimes, but he has more facts.

13.Forget radical, even being labeled “political”, which is code for opposing the civic status quo, is a kind of castigation.

14.He sees each member of his choir in the round and provides each one with exactly the right amount of praise, cajolery or castigation.

15.Dederich described the Game as “a gimmick that no one else seems to have,” predicated on “uninhibited conversations, yelling, castigation, aggression, lying. Anything goes short of physical violence or threats of physical violence.”

16.Some people believe that work is a better means of order and discipline than chains and castigation for criminals.


17.It would be very unusual for Canada not to let the United Nations review a case before someone is deported, Castagner said - especially given Canada’s public castigation of Saudi Arabia’s human rights practices.

18.The one discordant note was also the note people are still talking about: Robert De Niro’s expletive-dotted castigation of President Trump, delivered before introducing Bruce Springsteen’s performance.

19.Many feared that the aid workers’ deaths would bring more castigation of Israel from the outside world.

20.European castigation of Guantanamo abuses included German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s statement that “an institution like Guantanamo can and should not exist” and the European Parliament’s demand that the United States close Guantanamo “without delay.”

castigation 同义词相关




ream (out)



chew out






  • 美国留学
  • 韩国留学
  • 加拿大留学
  • 澳大利亚留学
  • 英国留学
  • 德国留学
  • 其它国家留学
  • 雅思语培机构
  • 托福语培机构

提交需求后,专业顾问会与您详细沟通, 提供多家适合的机构信息,定制化推荐