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castigate

最后更新时间:2024-07-18 02:37:17

castigate如何读

英:[ˈkæstɪɡeɪt]

美:[ˈkæstɪɡeɪt]

castigate是什么意思

vt.

严厉批评

惩戒

对…实施严厉的惩罚

矫正,修订

castigate自然拼读

cas·ti·gate

kae stih geIt

castigate变形

第三人称单数:castigates

现在分词:castigating

过去式:castigated

过去分词:castigated

castigate扩展

castigation (n.), castigator (n.)

castigate词根

词根:castigate

n.

castigation 惩罚;苛评;修订

castigate英英释义

transitive verb

to punish or rebuke, as with severe public criticism; chastise.In colonial days, thieves and other law-breakers might be publicly castigated in the town square.The senator was found to be involved in the sex scandal and was castigated in the press.

castigate同义词

  • vt. 严惩;苛评;矫正;修订
  • chastise, throw the book at

castigate词源中文解释

“to chastise, punish,” 约于1600年,源自拉丁语 castigatus,是 castigare 的过去分词,“纠正,使正确; 净化; 惩罚,惩戒”,由 castus “纯洁”(参见 caste)和 agere “做”(来自 PIE 词根 *ag- “驱动,拉出或向外移动”)组成。该词背后的概念是“通过纠正或责备使某人变得纯洁”。比较 purge(v.),源自 purus + agere。相关词汇: Castigated; castigating; castigator; castigatory。

If thou didst put this soure cold habit on To castigate thy pride, 'twere well. [Shakespeare, "Timon" IV.iii (1607)]
如果你穿上这件酸冷的衣服来惩罚你的骄傲,那就好了。【莎士比亚,《蒂蒙》IV.iii(1607)】

castigate词源英文解释

borrowed from Latin castīgātus, past participle of castīgāre "to discipline for a fault or lapse, reprove, censure," perhaps from *casti-, stem of *castis "reprimand" (going back to Indo-European *ḱHs-ti-, whence also Sanskrit śiṣṭi- "instruction") + *-ig-, going back to Indo-European -h2ǵ-, zero-grade of *h2eǵ- "drive, impel, lead" — more at agent Note: This etymology follows G. Dunkel, "Latin verbs in -igāre and -īgāre," 125 Jahre Indogermanistik in Graz (Graz: Leykam, 2000), pp. 87-99. According to the older conventional explanation, the initial element is the adjective castus "free from, untouched (by the thing specified), pure, not sexually promiscuous" (see chaste), but semantically this is a poor fit, and does not clearly account for the long ī. On the other hand, Dunkel's hypothesis would mean that Indo-European *ḱeHs- shows up in Latin only in this presumed i-stem derivative and nowhere else, unless castus itself can be attributed to the same etymon—but again that does not fit well semantically ("instruct, reprove" > "pure"?). See also the note at chaste.

The first known use of castigate was in 1606

castigate儿童词典英英释义

castingnoun

the act of one that casts

something cast in a mold

cast entry 2 sense 9

castigateverb

to punish, scold, or criticize harshly

castigateverb

to punish, scold, or criticize harshly

castigateverb

to punish, scold, or criticize harshly

castigate 例句

1.“Wounded Tiger” celebrates the triumphs and castigates the offences fairly.

2.“Toward the end of his career, King began to castigate the media for focusing solely on the most famous personalities and spectacular events,” said Brandon Terry, editor of the essay collection “Fifty Years Since MLK.”

3.After sacrificing the life of a child to save his own, Nino finds himself back at his headquarters being castigated by his girlfriend.

4.We can nitpick, castigate and scoff, even as we analyze, obsess and care.

5.The family of a child with a disease for which there is no cure is castigated for “borderline assisted murder” for allowing her to “choose heaven.”

6.The same study also castigated healthcare provision in the US as the worst globally.

7.He was eventually castigated by Israel’s first prime minister and branded a traitor.

8.He’s sporting a dashiki and an afro in his Southern home town, but his father still castigates him for “acting white.”

9.It would be fascinating to see him in the next episode, if there is one, surrounded by a cast of characters who have castigated him for Friday’s scandalette.

10.Then what ideas did Mencken hold that made a newspaper like the Commercial Appeal castigate him publicly?

11.It neatly sets the tone of their relationship: Adams deferring to Abigail,who proves intelligent and insightful in her guidance, but never afraid to castigate him for his mistakes.

12.All he does is sing about sex and various betrayals, near-constantly instigating the former, and on "Love King" especially, castigating offenders of his peculiar sense of sexual/romantic decency.

13.The review castigated Shostakovich’s opera as tickling “the perverted taste of the bourgeois with its fidgety, neurotic music.”

14.Prosecutors had alleged that Brown acted aggressively and "castigated" the driver following the accident and then fled.

15.Meryl Streep has castigated the designer Karl Lagerfeld for overshadowing her record 20th Oscar nomination with inaccurate claims about the dress she will wear at the awards ceremony.

16.She could not find sufficit reproaches with which to castigate herself .

她找不出充分的理由非难自己。

17."I definitely think it's cultural. It's important not to castigate cultural practices around food but also raise awareness about food safety."

18.At last week’s Sydney show, he castigated two audience members for not standing up and dancing, not realizing that one was wheelchair-bound and the other had a prosthetic limb.

19.He’s visibly upset, rushing around to get the new reel, castigating himself and apologizing.

20.He castigated those who saw the slaveholding South “as the citadel of the Devil.”

castigate 同义词相关

flay

rail (at or against)

rate

ream (out)

bawl out

reproach

lambast

reprimand

lambaste

berate

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